Paying for college can be a heavy financial burden on a family. As of 2020, the average cost of tuition and fees for a private university cost a whopping $41,426 per year. Even sending your child to a public university in Florida can cost over $20,000 per year when you account for tuition, living expenses, and housing costs.
Often times, spouses going through a divorce want to make sure their children’s college expenses will be paid for by one or both parents. However, Florida law regarding a parent’s duty to pay for their child’s college education may surprise you.
There is no law in Florida requiring parents to pay for their child’s education.
Generally, under Florida law, the obligation of a parent to support their child only lasts until the child turns 18 or graduates high school. The courts in Florida have stated that the duty to provide a college education is a moral, not a legal, one. As the law doesn’t require a married spouse to pay for his or her child’s college education, the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution prohibits the courts from ordering a divorced spouse to do so. There is, however, one way you might get your ex-spouse to pay for your child’s college education.
Marital Settlement Agreements
Even though there is no legal obligation to pay for your child’s college education, a marital settlement agreement can create a contractual obligation for a parent to pay for his or her child’s college education. A marital settlement agreement is a contract between two spouses that defines the terms of a divorce including: child support, alimony, distribution of assets, and time-sharing of the children.
Before going to trial in a divorce, the parties are free to negotiate a settlement agreement that goes beyond what a judge could do in court. This could include requiring one spouse to pay for your child’s tuition, living expenses, and housing expenses.
Poorly Drafted Settlement Agreements
Even if your spouse agrees to pay for your child’s college education, a poorly worded settlement agreement could cause even more problems than it solves. In Sutton v. Sutton, the husband and wife entered into a valid written marital settlement agreement that stated both parents would pay for their daughter’s college education. The daughter obtained a college degree and then went on to obtain a graduate degree because she thought both of her parents were obligated to pay for her education. After the former wife paid for her daughter’s graduate education, the court found that the marital settlement agreement only applied to her undergraduate degree. Thus, the former wife was stuck with the entire $40,000 bill for her daughter’s graduate education because of a poorly drafted marital settlement agreement.
To avoid outcomes like this, it is recommended that you consult with an experienced family law attorney.